West Seattle Office2515 SW Trenton St.
Seattle WA 98106
Tel: 206 937 9600
Highline Eye Office16259 Sylvester Rd. SW
Burien WA 98166
Tel: 206 431 9600
West Seattle Highline Eye Clinic
West Seattle Eye Clinic
West Seattle Optical
Westwood Eye Clinic
Cataracts, LASIK, Glaucoma, Laser
This section of our website will give overviews of common eye conditions. Select a condition to the left to learn more about it.
Refraction refers to the process by which your eye focuses light. The eye's refractive ability is determined by three factors: the cornea's curvature, the overall eyeball length and the power of the lens. Ideally all of these factors work together to focus the light sharply onto the retina to allow clear vision at all distances without glasses or contact lenses. Many people experience a refractive disorder resulting in a blurred image at some or all distances.
Myopia, or nearsightedness, is a common vision condition. Myopia occurs when the cornea's curvature is too steep or the eyeball is too long, causing light to be focused in front of the retina, rather than directly on the retina. Objects are easy to see if they are close, but those in the distance are blurry.
Hyperopia, or farsightedness, is also a common vision condition. Hyperopia occurs when the cornea's curvature is too flat or the eyeball is too short, causing light to be focused behind the retina, rather than directly on the retina. Objects are easy to see if they are far away, but close up objects are blurry.
Astigmatism is simply another refractive disorder that often accompanies Myopia (nearsightedness) or Hyperopia (farsightedness). Astigmatism occurs when the cornea is shaped irregularly. Light rays are not focused, but scattered, so that they focus behind and in front of the retina, rather than focused on the retina. Vision is blurred at all distances.
Presbyopia is the vision condition that affects people after about age 40, regardless of those people who have never experienced eye problems in the past. The lens of the eye loses flexibility, making it difficult to focus on close objects, much like a camera without a zoom lens.